- Remote Installation Services, RIS (wikipedia)
- Windows Deployment Services, WDS (wikipedia), the successor/replacement of RIS
RIS and PXELINUX
Christian "Dr. Disk" Hechelmann writes the following about using PXELINUX
in conjunction with the
Windows Remote Install
I'm in the process of creating a remote install/boot environment at the company I work and choose PXELINUX for the Linux part. We use a mixed environment of W2K/Linux Servers and W2K/XP Clients. In the PXELINUX FAQ you write (based on Eric Cook's report), not to configure RIS with the GUI for "you end up with the MS PXE stuff, which is ugly to get rid of". Well, PXELINUX just works great on a fully configured RIS (And thereby keeping nosy co-workers from booting into Linux via network and wiping the local machine, since you need to login to the RIS first with the right credentials to do anything).
When you use the GUI Tools to set up RIS on the Server, the MS TFTP Server gets the directory you specify as the remoteinstall share as its root.
For example when you set up an RIS on RISSERV and specify
D:\RemoteInstall\as the server root you end up with this:
- The share
- The tftproot being
- having the usual directory tree below that
I just gave it a try and did the following:
(The latter since I didn't want to mess with DHCP just now)
- Copied pxelinux.0 to
- Put a pxelinux.sif in the templates directory
- Put a default config in the pxelinux.cfg dir
- Put the message files, kernel and initrd images in the templates directory
- Let a PXE client (Intel EEPro 100+ with BA 4.1.09) try what happens.
Well, it works. PXELINUX happily boots of the RIS server, gets
Setup\German\Tools\PXELinux\i386\templates\as pathprefix and fetches its config, the kernel and initrd images from there and starts up the kernel.
I guess that one only needs to send the pxelinux.* options via DHCP if one would hit the 63 character filename limit or one needs/wants to specify special options for a single machine or subnet.
I had to modify the file
\OSChooser\German\tools.oscthough, to have the Client Installation Wizard actually display the "Maintenance and Tools" menu instead of just giving an "no os choices here" display. Don't know if this is an error I made, or a bug in the stuff MS ships. "CMDCONS" seems to indicate that it may be possible to boot the rescue console off RIS but I didn't find anything useful on the MS Knowledgebase until now.
--- tools.osc Thu Mar 27 21:04:42 2003 +++ tools.osc.modified Thu Mar 27 21:00:46 2003 @@ -2,7 +2,7 @@ <META KEY=F3 ACTION="REBOOT"> <META KEY=F1 HREF="TOOLSHLP"> <META KEY=ESC HREF="CHOICE"> -<META SERVER ACTION="ENUM TOOLS CMDCONS"> +<META SERVER ACTION="ENUM TOOLS"> <TITLE> Client Installation Wizard Tools</TITLE> <FOOTER> [ENTER] continue [ESC] go back [F1] help [F3] restart computer</FOOTER> <BODY left=5 right=75> ------ pxelinux.sif ------ [OSChooser] Description = "Boot RH73 Networkinstaller" Help = "This option runs the RedHat 7.3 netwoek installer." LaunchFile = "Setup\German\Tools\pxelinux\i386\templates\pxelinux.0" ImageType = Flat Version="1.01" ------ pxelinux.sif ------ ------ pxelinux.cfg/default ------ DEFAULT bootnet PROMPT 1 DISPLAY netboot.msg TIMEOUT 100 LABEL bootnet KERNEL rh-bootkrnl73 APPEND initrd=rh-bootnet.img LABEL bootnet-all KERNEL rh-bootkrnl73 APPEND initrd=rh-bootnet-all.img ------ pxelinux.cfg/default ------